美国语音视频教程第6课:注意单词的结尾音【点击收看】

Session Six

本期内容:Word Endings

单词的结尾音

Make sure that the final sounds in your words come through clearly and fully. Don’t drop off or shorten the endings!

发音时,注意每个单词后面的音要发的清晰,完整。不要把这个音略掉了或发的很短。例如,特别是以P,B,T,D结尾的单词,很多同学会漏掉这些音。

P endings

I hope the group will sleep on the ship.

The soda pop spilled out of the cup, over the map and onto her lap.

Was the Egg Drop Soup cheap?

B endings

We cleaned the cobweb from the doorknob in the bathtub.

Rob broke his golf club when he slipped on the ice cube.

The crab was under the cement slab at the yacht club.

The ticket stub was found in the taxicab.

T endings

Kate left her cat on the mat as she flew a kite.

The sailboat came into the port to join the fleet.

What bait will make the fish bite? A cricket or a piece of meat?

D endings

Fred will decide which sled should be painted red.

David tried to send a refund back to England.

He could not hide his report card behind the chalk board.

Three rules for ED endings

Many verbs that are in the past tense end in ED. (Example: Today I walk, yesterday I walked)

很多动词的过去式以ed结尾,发音时要注意的三个事项。

Rule 1

If a word ends in an unvoiced consonant, when adding ED, just add an Unvoiced T

规则1:如果一个动词以清辅音结尾,变过去式+ed后,只需加上音 T。也就是 ed 发 T音。

Example:

Today I jump, yesterday I jumped. (pronounced jump T)

Today I walk, yesterday I walked. (pronounced walk T)

Rule 2

If a word ends in a voiced consonant, add a Voiced D

规则2:如果单词以浊辅音结尾,+ed后,发音时末尾加个音 D

Example:

Today I rub, yesterday I rubbed. (pronounced rub-D)

I cleaned the kitchen.

I poured the milk.

I scrubbed the floor.

I tagged the clothing.

I spilled some juice.

I trimmed the tree.

I moved to California. The clock buzzed all night.

Rule 3

If a word ends in a T or a D sound, we add a Voiced ID

规则3:如果单词以T或D结尾,变过去式加ed后,末尾加上ID音。

Example:

Today, I lift the ball. Yesterday, I lifted the ball.

I heated up my dinner.

He voted this morning.

He handed me his report.

I traded in my old car.

She added some information.

All voiced D endings are underlined to help you remember to add voicing.

Bob raked the leaves and then started to wash his car. He then loaded up the dishwasher and finished washing his dishes.

Susan spilled her drink on the spotted rug. She cleaned it up with a napkin, which wasted a lot of time.

He thanked me and offered me money, if I picked up the used equipment.

Three Nasal Sounds: M N NG

三个鼻音 M, N, NG

M是唇鼻音,发音时,发音时由唇发出鼻音。

N是舌边鼻音,发音时舌尖顶着上牙齿,发出鼻音。

NG 是软腭鼻音,发音是舌头后缩,上顶软腭,发出鼻音。

Practice Ng endings

Ring

Sing

Thing

Bring

Practice sentences

I have a feeling that she is working too much.

She has been wearing a hearing aid so that she could sing.

He is looking forward to speaking at the Thanksgiving celebration.

11

小鱼寒假复习资料。马老师采用这个材料辅助语音教学,真是太赞了!欢迎想学好英语的同学快来和我们一起组班。

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