美国语音视频教程第2课:S/Z【点击收看】

Session Two

1. Voicing 声带振动音
2. Consonant pairs 成对辅音
3. Consonant S 辅音S
4. Consonant Z Voicing 辅音Z

本期我们主要学习的是轻辅音,
轻辅音+声带的振动=浊辅音。
Paired Consonants 成对辅音
P&B
T&D
K&G
F&V

SH&ZSH
S&Z (主讲)

Voicing is when your vocal cords are vibrating in your throat, creating a buzzing sound.Say Ahhhh. Can you feel the vibrations in your neck?
All vowels are voiced. Some consonants are voiced, some are not.

浊辅音(B/D/G/V/ZSH/S)是在清辅音(P/T/K/F/SH/S/)的发音方式上,增加声带的振动。

而发出的混浊音。因此只要掌握了清辅音的正确发音方式,浊辅音就自然能正确发出。

注:发清辅音时,感觉有一股气流从口腔发出,无声带的振动。

浊辅音声带一定要有振动,用手摸自己的喉咙,有明显的振动感。

Three rules for S&Z endings
以S&Z结尾的单词,需要注意的三个发音规则。

Rule 1
If a word ends in a sound that is unvoiced (such as P, T, K, F), you add an unvoiced /S/
规则一:如果一个单词以清辅音结尾,如(P, T, K, F),当词尾+S后,仍发清辅音/S/

Examples:
1 cup, 2 cups (the p in cup is unvoiced, so you just add an unvoiced s)
1 cat, 2 cats (the t in cat is unvoiced, so just add an unvoiced s)
I break, he breaks
I stop, he stops
Rule 2
If a word ends in any of these sounds: s, z, sh, ch, or dg (j), when adding an S ending, add IZZZZZZ
规则二:当单词以音 s, z, sh, ch, or dg (j)结尾时,加 S 后,发音时加上 /IZZZZZZ/ 音。

Examples:
1 Page 2 Pages
1 Bus 2 Buses
1 Lunch 2 Lunches
I Raise, He Raises
I Brush, He Brushes
I Push, He Pushes

Rule 3
If a word ends in a vowel sound (like the word Tree) or a voiced consonant (like the word Game), then when you add an S, continue the voicing throughout the entire word, and it should become a voiced ZZZZ.
规则三:若单词以元音或浊辅音结尾,例如单词Game, 当加了S后,发音时保持结尾元音后辅音的振动,再+辅音 ZZZZ

Examples:
1 Tree, 2 Treezzzz (correctly spelled Trees)
1 Day, 2 Days
1 Shoe, 2 Shoes
I Fly, He Flies
1 Game, 2 Games
1 Head, 2 Heads
1 Train, 2 Trains
1 Song, 2 Songs

Some common words where S’s are pronounced as Z’s
一些以 S 结尾,但发音 /Z/的单词。
IS
HIS
AS
WAS
THESE
THOSE
EASY
BECAUSE

Paragraph Practice
Another zippy, zappy, crazy day comes to a close. As we zoom up to Joe’s snooze zone, Zoe Jones of Zodiac Zoo plays with her zipper.

Last week, Jim’s brothers were picked to represent their country in the Olympic Games. Two of the brothers were swimmers, while the other two were long distance runners. All of the brothers wore glasses. These athletes worked hard at qualifying for the games and were hoping to come home with prizes. Since the brothers go to the same university, they often take the same courses. This makes studying easier and gives them more time to do other things.

On Thursday, I had a very lazy day. I woke up early and first squeezed oranges into juice. I then got dressed and watched the sunrise come up over the mountains. It was so beautiful that I took many pictures with my camera and I used three rolls of film. After drinking two cups of coffee, I got dressed, left the house, and walked three miles home.

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小鱼寒假复习资料。马老师采用这个材料辅助语音教学,真是太赞了!欢迎想学好英语的同学快来和我们一起组班。

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